Watermelon Types

Watermelon was grown by the ancient Egyptians and it's still evolving today. More than 300 varieties of watermelon are cultivated in the United States and South America, where complementary growing seasons provide a year-round supply of watermelon in an array of shapes, colors and sizes. Because there are so many varieties, they are often grouped according to characteristics, like fruit shape, rind color or pattern, and size.

Because of new developments in watermelon varieties, the market for watermelon continues to grow and change. More than a decade ago, the development of seedless varieties revolutionized the watermelon market, making this age-old fruit appealing to today's more discriminating consumers. Other varieties, like yellow and orange flesh watermelon, have also created additional intrigue and appeal, opening up the market to new consumers.

So what's next in the world of watermelon? We can't say, but you can be sure that whatever it is, the NWPB will play in integral role in bringing it to you.

The most common watermelon options are:

  • Seeded

    Seeded Watermelon

    - Round, long, oblong
    -5 to 45 pounds

  • Seedless

    Seedless Watermelon

    -Round to oblong
    -0 to 25 pounds
    -Small white seed coats in the flesh are undeveloped and edible
    -Approximately 85% of watermelon cultivars grown today

  • Mini:

    Mini Watermelons

    -1 to 7 pounds

  • Yellow & Orange:

    Yellow and Orange Watermelons

    -Seeded and seedless
    -10 to 30 pounds


In addition to fresh watermelon, the watermelon industry is expanding the availability of watermelon in different formats including:

  • Fresh cut: typically available diced, cubed, planks or slices

  • Puree: crushed, heat or enzyme-treated to remove pectin and starch, filtered, concentrated to remove water, packaged and sometimes frozen

  • Juice: may be single strength or concentrated to varying strengths


Consumer demand for watermelon is year-round

  • From mid-spring to early fall, watermelon are available from the U.S. - more than 30 states grow watermelon
  • From fall to early spring watermelon are available from Central America - mostly Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras
Peak Production Calendar

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Watermelon Board

Representing 1,500 watermelon growers, shippers and importers nationwide, our goal is to promote the nutritional, culinary and convenience benefits of watermelon.


Enjoy the sweet taste at a watermelon festival.

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Whole Watermelon

Use the whole watermelon – flesh, juice and rind.

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